Health Desk- Vaginitis in women is a very big problem. About millions of women suffer from it every year. She is not even able to talk openly to anyone about this and she is not able to get the right treatment. In fact, this infection occurs more rapidly during reproduction. Vaginal problems occur due to the continuous increase in hormonal levels, bacteria or sexual activity.
What is a yeast infection in the vagina?
Yeast infection in the vagina is a fungal infection mostly occurring in the genitals. It causes burning, itching and vaginal discharge. It occurs more in women than in men. 3 out of 4 women will experience a yeast infection once in their lifetime.
Vaginal yeast infection commonly occurs when Candida albicans, a type of fungus, is found in your mouth, digestive tract, or vagina. This fungus rapidly increases in number and damages the tissues of the vagina.
Normally Candida works in an equilibrium with other microorganisms but when this balance is disturbed then overgrowth of Candida causes yeast infection.
What are the types of vaginal infection?
There are 3 types of vaginal infection.
1. yeast infection-
2. bacterial infection-
Symptoms such as vaginal discharge, itching and burning are experienced when suffering from them. The treatment of these infections due to different reasons is also different.
So let us know the symptoms, causes and treatment of yeast infection in the vagina.
What are the symptoms of vaginal yeast infection?
Not all women feel the symptoms of yeast infection because if the infection is very less then the symptoms will also be very few. If you experience any of the following symptoms, be sure to see a doctor:
1 .Itching, burning or discomfort in the vagina.
2 .Pain in vagina or vaginal tract.
3 .Burning sensation during sex or urination.
4 .White and thick vaginal discharge.
5 .Red rash or rash.
Sometimes this infection becomes so complicated that it causes sores in the skin. Some medical conditions such as pregnancy, uncontrolled sugar or a weakened immune system can also cause this infection.
What are the causes of yeast infection in vagina?
Some yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans, but other species of Candida also spread the infection. Which have different treatment.
Yeast and bacteria are present in a balanced amount in the vagina of women, but imbalance in them causes infection. Lactobacillus bacteria stop the growth of yeast but sometimes the yeast becomes more dominant which causes the infection.
This infection from women can also happen to their partner during sex. However, yeast infection is not considered a sexually transmitted infection because it can also happen to women or girls who are not sexually active and sexually transmitted infections only occur when sexually active.
The increased level of estrogen causes yeast infection in women during pregnancy.
Changes in hormone levels during a normal menstrual cycle can affect the health of your vagina, which can sometimes lead to a yeast infection. It can also be due to not changing the pads or not keeping clean during menstruation for a long time.
3 .Increased level of estrogen-
In women who take birth control pills, estrogen levels become higher than normal, which increases the chances of yeast infection.
4 .Sugar-( Diabetes )
Having any type of diabetes increases the chances of getting yeast infection.
Taking antibiotics (drugs) in excessive amounts destroys your health-boosting bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, which causes yeast to multiply and cause infection.
6 .Cancer treatment-
Chemotherapy is also a cause of yeast infection.
7 .Weak immune system-
Yeast infections also spread more rapidly in women whose immune systems have been weakened due to corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection.
How to prevent vaginal yeast infection?
There is no sure way to prevent yeast infection but it can be avoided by some measures which are as follows:
1.Avoid douching- This is a method of rinsing the vagina usually with a mixture of water and vinegar. Antiseptic and fragrance douches are available in drug stores. It comes in a bottle or bag and is sprayed through a tube for vaginal cleansing.
2 .Avoid using deodorant or deodorant pads in the vagina.
3 .Use cotton undergarments.
4 .Wear loose fitting pants or skirts.
5 .Wash the undergarments with warm water.
6 .Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
7. Change wet clothes (swimming suit) immediately.
8 .Avoid taking a bath in the bathtub.
What is the treatment for yeast infection in vagina?
Treatment of yeast infection depends on the complexity of the infection.
Less complicated yeast infections-
These can be treated in two ways: with vaginal therapy and with the use of medicines.
Follow both these methods only on the advice of the doctor. Even if you are going to take the medicine, then do not take it without the advice of the doctor as it can also cause side effects in your body which can have dire consequences.
complicated yeast infection-
Complicated yeast infections are also treated with vaginal therapy and oral medications.
Long-term vaginal therapy (approximately 7 to 14 days) which requires regular use of vaginal creams and medicines – also helps to get rid of yeast infection.
If your partner has a yeast infection, be sure to use a condom during intercourse.
Yogurt can also be used as an alternative treatment for vaginal yeast infection. This treatment is not proven by research studies but it is helpful in reducing the infection caused by candida.
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