Health Desk- Diabetes has become a common disease in the recent past. Especially in India it is happening fast. But diabetes is also of two types, about which you must have heard. But do you know what is the difference between these two? If not then read this article till the end.
Diabetes Type-1 and Diabetes Type-2 occur when the body is unable to properly store and use glucose, which is needed for energy. This glucose then accumulates in the blood and cannot reach the cells that need it, leading to serious complications. Glucose is the fuel that powers your body’s cells, but it needs a key to enter your cells, and that key is insulin.
Insulin is not produced in people who suffer from diabetes type-1. On the other hand, people who suffer from type-2 diabetes are unable to respond to insulin as well as they should, and later in the disease, they often do not make enough insulin. In both types of diabetes, the level of blood sugar is increased.
Development of symptoms of diabetes-
Although many symptoms of type-1 and type-2 diabetes are similar, but they appear differently. Many patients of type-2 diabetes do not see symptoms for years and symptoms appear over time. Many people who suffer from type-2 diabetes do not have any symptoms and symptoms appear only when the complications of the disease start showing up. While the symptoms of type-1 diabetes appear early (within a few weeks), at one time it was called childhood diabetes, which usually occurs at an early age. However, type-1 diabetes can occur at any age.
If type-1 and type-2 diabetes is not controlled properly, then it causes many symptoms, such as-
- Frequent urination,
- Excessive thirst,
- To be very hungry,
- Feeling very weak,
- Blurred vision,
- Injuries or wounds that do not heal easily.
- In addition they irritability,
- Mood swings,
- Sudden weight loss,
- Numbness and tingling feeling in hands and feet.
What are the reasons for type-1 diabetes?
The symptoms of type-1 and type-2 diabetes may be similar, but their causes may be different. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakes the body’s own healthy cells as foreign invaders. Because of which the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
What are the causes of type-2 diabetes?
Type-2 diabetes is mainly caused by two interrelated problems. Because these cells do not interact with insulin in the normal way, they do not take up enough glucose. Another problem may be that the pancreas becomes unable to produce enough insulin to manage the blood sugar level.
Who are at higher risk of getting diabetes?
People whose parents or siblings have type-1 diabetes, then the risk of this disease also increases in them. Type-1 diabetes is seen more in children and young people, but it can happen to anyone. Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases if you are pre-diabetic, have high blood sugar levels, are overweight or obese, have abdominal fat or Do not do physical activity.
At what age are the chances of getting diabetes more?
Talking about age, the risk of diabetes increases in people whose age is above 45. If you have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, then the risk of type-2 diabetes will increase in you too.
Is the treatment of type-1 and type-2 diabetes also different?
There is no cure for type-1 diabetes. Those who suffer from this have to take insulin. Also, you have to check your blood sugar level 4 times a day. In this, it is necessary to check the level of blood sugar, because it can go up and down rapidly.
At the same time, lifestyle changes also have to be made in type-2 diabetes, which includes taking the right diet and exercising and taking medicines. Your doctor may recommend insulin injections if your pancreas stops making insulin over time.
Disclaimer- The tips and tricks given in this article are for general information purpose only and should not be taken as professional medical advice, consult your doctor or dietician before making any changes in your diet Take it. Thank you.