Health Desk- Frequent urination can arise due to any reason. This can either be due to a minor reason like excessive tea, coffee or alcohol consumption or due to some serious health issues.
Let us know what are the reasons for frequent urination?
1. Prostate enlargement-
Frequent urination in men can be a sign of enlargement of the prostate gland. BPH is a common problem in men over the age of 50.
In men, the prostate is a gland that is located in the lower part of the bladder, around the urethra. This gland continues to grow throughout life. But when it starts getting bigger and bigger then it puts pressure on the urethra and stops the flow of urine. However, apart from frequent urination, there are many other symptoms such as –
- Sudden urge to urinate.
- Passing urine more than 2 times at night.
- Dilution of urine stream.
- Sudden stop while urinating.
- Straining to pass urine.
If this disease is recognized early, then it can be cured with the help of medicines. But over time, when the prostate continues to grow, then it may have to be reduced by surgery.
2. Kidney or uretric stone-
A common reason for frequent urination is kidney stones or kidney stones.
Doctors say that the main reason for the formation of kidney stones in the body is to drink less amount of water. Due to drinking less water, urine becomes thick due to which crystals of uric acid and calcium oxalate start forming. These crystals stick together and form stones.
If kidney stones are not treated on time, then these stones start growing. If they stay in the body for a long time, they can get trapped in the ureter or ureter. This is an emergency problem because then these stones stop the stream of urine, due to which the urine does not come out.
As far as the treatment of kidney stone is concerned, it depends on its size. If the stone is of small size, then you can take out that stone from the body by urinating comfortably by drinking more water. But if it is of slightly larger size then surgery may be required.
3. Infection in the urethra-
Infection in the urethra is quite common in women but this infection can also happen to men. One of the symptoms of this infection is frequent urination and burning sensation.
How does urinary tract infection happen?
When bacteria accumulate in any part of the urethra, then swelling and irritation starts in that part. This leads to infection. When these bacteria cause inflammation in the urinary tract, then it is called urethritis. And when they reach the bladder, that disease is called cystisis.
These infection-causing bacteria can also reach the prostate, after which they cause inflammation there, which is called prostatitis.
But there is nothing to panic in this disease. UTI is cured by taking antibiotics. It is important that you follow good hygiene to prevent urinary tract infections in the future.
Frequent urination and excessive urination each time are the main symptoms of diabetes. Let us know about this disease in some detail.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that can happen to anyone at any time. In this disease, the pancreas, which is a part of our body, is not able to produce insulin in the proper amount, due to which the amount of glucose in the blood increases. It seriously harms the body.
People suffering from diabetes start urinating 3 to 4 times at night and as far as children are concerned, they often wet the bed due to lack of urine symptoms.
What is the role of the hormone called insulin in our body?
When we eat food, then our body breaks this food into glucose, which is then absorbed by the cells of the body. This gives them energy. For this process to work properly, it is necessary that the pancreas periodically produces the hormone insulin, which helps glucose enter the cells so that they can make energy. When the pancreas is not able to make the proper amount of insulin, then the amount of glucose in the blood increases abnormally.
But the thing to think is that how can diabetes cause frequent urination?
For this we have to understand how our kidneys work?
While making urine, our kidneys absorb the extra sugar present in the blood and put it in the blood stream. Because the amount of sugar in the blood increases in diabetes, this puts a lot of pressure on the kidneys and they are not able to absorb the excess sugar completely. Because of which excess sugar comes out through urine, but during this it also sucks a lot of water from the body, due to which urine starts coming out in excess.
In this situation, you also start feeling very thirsty. Due to which water intake increases. This also forces one to urinate frequently.
It is necessary that every person suffering from diabetes should keep his blood sugar under control regularly because if it is not controlled for a long time, it can also cause kidney failure.
After pregnancy, there are many changes in a woman’s body and due to these changes, she has to face symptoms like frequent urination. Frequent urination becomes a common problem for women during pregnancy.
What are the causes of frequent urination during pregnancy?
Frequent urination during pregnancy can be due to many reasons. First of all, pregnancy hormones, such as HcG and progesterone, start being produced in the body at this time. These hormones are the reason for making more urine.
The second reason is – as the womb expands to make room for the growing baby, it pushes down on the bladder and puts pressure on it. In such a situation, the bladder becomes small and cannot store much urine, due to which pregnant women need to urinate frequently.
Apart from this, there can be a reason that after conception, the amount of blood in the body increases by about 50%. Due to excess blood, the kidneys start processing extra fluid, which makes more urine.
The chances of urine infection (UTI) also increase during pregnancy. In such a situation, many times doctors get urine infection checked so that it can be known whether frequent urination is not a symptom of it.
Can this problem be reduced during pregnancy?
Doctors say – yes absolutely. You just have to adopt some measures such as – consuming less liquid like tea-coffee, going immediately when you urinate, not holding urine and emptying the bladder completely every time, etc. can be controlled.
6. Overactive bladder-
A bladder is called an overactive bladder when you see any of these symptoms such as –
- frequent urination.
- Sudden urge to urinate.
- Not being able to stop it while urinating and it coming out.
Overactive bladder is a disease that can disturb a person’s life if not treated properly. It can also have a bad effect on his sex life and night’s sleep.
And it is not at all correct to think that overactive bladder is a common stage of old age. It is a disease that needs to be diagnosed and treated.
When the muscles of the bladder start contracting suddenly on their own despite not filling it completely, then a person suddenly feels the urge to urinate and has to urinate frequently.
This can happen due to many reasons such as the weakening of the muscles of the pelvis due to which the bladder starts descending from its place.
But let us tell you that you can control this disease by making some simple changes in lifestyle such as –
- Avoiding foods and drinks that cause excessive urination, such as tea, coffee, and alcohol.
- Consuming fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy grains.
- Doing special exercises such as Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic muscles.
Apart from these, the hyperactivity of the bladder can also be reduced by medicines, so that symptoms like frequent urination, sudden urge to urinate and not being able to hold urine can be relieved.
Note- Remember- Whenever you are facing the problem of frequent urination, do not hide it for fear of embarrassment, but on taking help from the doctor at the right time, you can get rid of the problem of frequent urination. and can go back to his normal life comfortably.
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